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How to Pursue Law as a Career in India?

Law as a Career


Are you interested in pursuing a career in law? Read this article to learn how you can make a lucrative career in law in India.

For students who can pay attention to details, master technicalities, and have the power of reason and logic, the law is one of the best career options. It is an intellectually challenging field with excellent earning prospects, a unique professional prestige, and the opportunity to fight for justice. And since India is known for its bustling legal environment, achieving your dreams by pursuing law as a career has never been easier!
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In this piece, you will discover how to become a lawyer in India after graduation, what subjects do you need to become a lawyer in India, how to become a lawyer in India after engineering, the age limit to study law in India, how many years to become a lawyer in India, career opportunities after a law degree and much more.

Who is a lawyer? What do lawyers do?

A lawyer is a broad phrase used to signify people who have studied and practice law. While a lawyer is a general term, the advocate is the technical term prescribed under the Advocates Act, 1961.

Lawyers can work as advocates, attorneys at law, barristers, civil lawyers, criminal lawyers, public prosecutors, tax lawyers, counselors, solicitors, counsel, corporate lawyers, etc. Lawyers uphold the country's law, protect their client's legal rights, help their clients understand the law, etc. Lawyers provide legal advice and help their clients navigate through legal matters. Some of the significant responsibilities that lawyers fulfill are :-

  • Draft legal documents, file them to authorities, and ensure compliance.
  • Represent the clients in hearings and present their clients' perspectives.
  • Mediation work between parties.
  • Collect evidence and information for the client's case.

How to become a lawyer?

In India, to study law, students can either join an Integrated BA LLB/ BBA LLB course or join LLB after graduation.


BA LLB/ BBA LLB is a five years integrated course. It's the best option for students who have decided to pursue a legal career early on. Students have to clear Law Entrance Exams such as CLAT, LSAT, AILET, etc., and score a good rank to join a good college.

LLB : -

LLB is a three-year course that students can join after graduation. To be eligible for this course, students need to secure at least 45% marks in graduation. After graduation in any stream, students can prepare for law exams like CLAT, AILET, LSAT etc.

Age Limit : -

The bar council of India has set an age restriction of 45 for students who want to pursue Integrated law courses or LLB after graduation.

Also Read : Why Law Is So Much More Than Reading Big Tomes?

Law Entrance Exams

  • CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) is the entrance test for admissions to twenty-two National Law Universities in India. Many private and government law schools in India also use CLAT scores for admissions.
  • AILET (All India Law Entrance Test) is conducted for admission into integrated 5-year law course, LLM and PhD courses.
  • LSAT (Law School Admission Test) is another popular law school entrance exam for undergraduate and postgraduate courses.
  • Other law entrance exams - KLEE, KIITEE, DU LLB, AP LAWCET, ULSAT, CUEE, MH CET, LU LLB, BHU UET, etc.

Can Engineers become a Lawyer?

Engineers are 100% eligible to join the LLB course. After completing their graduation, engineers can give law entrance exams to secure admission into a good legal college. Further engineers are well suited for legal domains like- intellectual property law, corporate law, etc.

Also Read : Law-Some! Popular Legal Cases of India

Different Law Specialisations

Most legal courses come with many specialisation options. Down is the list of some of the best specialisations that students can choose -

Civil Law : -

It is a very popular law specialisation. Here, students learn to handle civil suits, write petitions, wills, deeds, divorce cases, damage suits, etc.

Criminal Law : -

It deals with offences which include crimes against an individual, state or society. Here students learn to defend their clients in case of criminal accusations, correlate facts, cross-examine findings, etc.

Tax Law : -

It is also a very popular legal specialisation, where students learn to represent their client's case before tax authorities and help settle disputes regarding taxes like capital gains tax, income tax, etc.

Corporate Law : -

As corporate India is booming, so is the demand for corporate lawyers in India. Here students learn to address corporate business's legal issues, help in compliance, etc.

International Law : -

Here, students are trained to deal with the complex world of international laws, rules and regulations, trade laws, immigration laws, labour and employment laws, etc.

Labor Law : -

Here, students learn to represent individual employees, labor unions, employers, etc.

Real Estate Law : -

Dealing with real estate sale deeds, regulations, lease agreements, rental agreements, etc., are the core areas of real estate lawyers.

Intellectual Property Law : -

It is a growing field where students learn to deal with litigations involving intellectual property like patents, trademarks, trade secrets, etc.

Career Opportunities after a Law Degree

After obtaining a law degree students, many opportunities become open for students; some of them are listed below :-

Self Practise : -

Students can choose to become an advocate and start their individual practice. After completing their law course, students need to clear AIBE (All India Bar Examination) to get a certificate of practice.

Students usually first join as junior lawyers under senior lawyers. After gaining sufficient experience and training, students can start their independent practice.

Join Legal/Consulting Firms : -

Instead of practicing independently, students can also join legal firms as advocates or join consulting firms as legal analysts. Here students can learn a lot about handling big clients, corporate clients, etc.

Judiciary : -

After getting their law degree, students can write entrance exams for judicial services. Every state in India conducts Judicial services entrance exams through the state public service commission.

After practicing as lawyers and gaining experience, students can apply for higher judicial services.

Government Services : -

Students can apply for APO (Assistant Prosecution Officer) posts through an exam conducted by state public service commissions. Many PSUs and government institutions also recruit lawyers through exams.

Join the BA LLB, LLB, or LLM courses at MGU to build up a lucrative career in law. MGU, or Mansarovar Global University, is one of the Best Law Schools in Bhopal. MGU offers students the best education, training, and guidance to successfully build up a lucrative career in law.